chemical suspected in cancer is in baby products
The study did not determine whether the child had absorbed the chemical substance chloride III from the product.
But in an article published on Wednesday in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, the researchers said that infants using these products were more exposed to this chemical than the government suggested.
An early study by Arlene Blum, one of the authors of this article and a biophysical chemist, has helped to eliminate Tris flame retardant in pajamas for children in their 1970 s, including chlorine Tris.
Although no such chemical was banned at the time, the Consumer Product Safety Commission now said the chemical \"could pose a significant risk to the health of consumers \".
\"The new study found that of the 101 infant products tested, more than the third foam sample contained trichloride.
In general, 80 products contain some kind of chemical flame retardant, some of which are considered to be toxic, although the use is legal.
In one example, in a constantly changing liner, flame retardant accounts for 12% of the weight of the foam;
Most of the products are close to 3 to 5%.
Advertisements for the products inspected include replacement of table mats, sleep locators, portable mattresses, baby back bags, rocking chairs and high chairs.
14 products in the ad contain flame retardant TCEP, which California describes as cancercausing agent.
Four of them carry Penta-
BDE, a flame retardant substance that accumulates in human tissues, was voluntarily eliminated by manufacturers in 2004;
It is banned in many countries, including New York, but not the United States.
\"Why do you need flame retardant in a nursing pillow? ” said Dr.
Bloom is the executive director of the Green Science Policy Institute, a non-profit organization that provides decision makers with scientific data on toxic chemicals.
\"The whole problem is that they are highly toxic chemicals in our homes;
People don\'t know much about it now, \"she said.
When asked about the new study, an industry trade organization, the Association of Manufacturers of adolescent products, said that all nursery products sold in the United States met \"strict federal safety standards \".
\"These safety standards not only contain flammable requirements, but also restrict the use of harmful or toxic substances, as well as substances that children may be exposed to,\" the association said in a statement . \".
The association also noted that the government did not ban trichloride, but rather a related compound found in pajamas decades ago-tribromide.
\"This study does not support the allegations that prohibited flame retardant Tris are being used,\" the association said . \". Gordon L.
Nelson, a chemistry professor at Florida Institute of Technology, said the new study was interesting but hardly proved harmful.
He pointed out that some children\'s products using foam are surrounded by plastic covers, which will prevent the leakage of flame retardant substances.
Advertising \"The question is, is there a flame retardant in actual use? ” Dr. Nelson said.
He said that he has been doing fire safety research for decades and will occasionally receive research funds or consulting fees from the industry.
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Nelson insists that the flame retardant has significantly reduced the number of fire deaths caused by upholstered furniture, which is the view of critics of the chemical dispute.
The new study was published in a broader, more intense debate about flame retardant and California\'s flammable rule, which has become a de facto national standard.
The California standard passed in 1975 requires polyurethane foam in upholstered furniture to withstand a 12-second open fire without fire.
Because there are no other state or federal standards, many manufacturers comply with the California rules, usually by adding flame retardant to the foamBlum said.
Last year, California exempted stroller, nursing pillow and baby back bag from the flammable standard. Dr.
Blum called the exemption a positive step, although she noted that many other baby products do not have an exemption and it is not clear whether the manufacturer has stopped using flame retardant in these products. Dr.
Bloom is part of a group of academics and environmental activists who believe that California standards expose people and their pets to toxic chemicals.
Flame retardant can be migrated from furniture to household dust, and can also be ingested by people and pets.
Some chemicals used for flame retardant are suspected carcinogens and research has linked them to various health issues, including fertility and neurodevelopment issues, said the author of the journal article on Wednesday. Heather M.
Stapleton, assistant professor and lead author of environmental chemistry at Duke University in the United States, complained that the current federal government\'s regulation of chemicals is so weak that manufacturers do not need to label their products as flame retardant, there is also no need to list the chemicals used.
Under current law, it is difficult for the federal Environmental Protection Agency to ban or restrict chemicals.
So far, the agency has not banned asbestos that is known to cause cancer and other lung diseases.
The advertisement \"we can buy something that does not contain BPA, or we can buy something that does not contain benzene acid, or we can buy something that does not contain lead.
We have no choice but to buy the flame.
No flame retardant . \"Stapleton said.
\"The chemical industry is protected by law, not the public.
The US chemical Commission, which represents the manufacturer of flame retardant, said in a statement that the products \"have been fully studied and provide important safety benefits . \".
\"This study is trying to test the presence of certain flame retardant in small samples of children\'s products,\" the council said in a statement . \".
\"It does not involve risk or risk.
\"For 16 years, the Consumer Product Safety Commission has been working on federal standards for flammable nature of upholstered furniture.
The current proposal will allow manufacturers to meet the flammable standard without flame retardant.
A spokesman for the agency said, \"More research is needed on the impact of consumer exposure and chemical alternatives.
\"A version of this article was printed on page B1 of the New York edition on May 18, 2011, with the title: in the nursery, a chemical may be toxic.
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